Ayurveda is a scientific therapeutic approach to health which has been designed to help people live long, healthy and well balanced life. Ayurveda is a Sanskrit word which means ''science of life'' (Ayu = life,Veda = science or knowledge) that teaches us to live a balanced and natural life. Ayurveda emphasizes that health is the balanced and dynamic integration between our environment, body, mind and spirit. For maintaining this balance it has provided guidelines on ideal daily and seasonal routines, diet, behaviour and the proper use of our senses.
Ayurveda is a 5,000-year-old system of healing that has its origins in the Vedic culture of India. Some other medical therapies like Chinese and Tibetan medicine have their roots in Ayurveda.Early Greek medical system also embraced many concepts from classical ayurvedic texts .Ayurveda has been enjoying a major resurgence globally that's because of the benefits people have experiened after going through the ayurvedic system of medicines .
As now-a days lifestyle diseases are on an increase, the need of ayurvedic system of healthcare is more to combat these problems. The basic principles of ayurveda are (1) prevention i.e Swasthyasya Swasthya Rakshanam (to maintain the healthy state of the individuals) and (2) treatment i.e Aaturasya Vikara Prashmanam (curing the diseased person).
OVERALL TREATMENT OUTLOOK IN AYURVEDA:
The treatment outlook of Ayurveda is broadly classified into two:
(A) Preventive Therapy (Swasthasya swasthya samrakshanam) "Prevention is better than cure" so a person who maintains his health will not be afflicted by diseases. A number of measures have been designed in ayurveda for this purpose. (1) Rasayana Chikitsa (Rejuvenative Therapy); (2) Vajikarana Chikitsa (Aphrodisiac); (3) Dinacharya (Daily routines to be practiced); (4) Ritucharya (Seasonal regimes to be practiced).
(B) Curative Therapy (Athurasya vikara prasamanam): Mainly two methods are used for curing the diseases.
(a) Samana Chikitsa (Pacificatory therapy) : By using medicines and other measures, the imbalanced and vitiated humors such as "Vata", "Pita" and "Kapha" (Doshas), Dhatus and Malas are brought to a balanced state, thus curing the disease.
(b) Sodhana Chikitsa-Panchakarma Therapy (Purificatory therapy)
The increased and vitiated doshas are expelled from the body by means of various Panchakarma therapies.